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Tax Tables 2017/18

 

Tax Tables 2017/18

 

The figures contained in these tax tables are based on those announced in the 2017 Budget and may be subject to changes as the Finance Bill passes through Parliament.

Please note income tax thresholds and rates are those applicable in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

V1 – 08/03/2017

 

Income Tax 

ALLOWANCES

 

Personal Allowances 2016/17 2017/18
Personal Allowance £11,000 £11,500
Income limit for Personal allowance(1) £100,000 £100,000
Transferable Tax Allowance for married couples and civil partners (2)   £1,100 £1,150
Dividend Allowance   £5,000 £5,000
Personal Savings Allowance (3)   £1,000 £1,000
Married Couples Allowance (MCA) 2016/17 2017/18
Maximum MCA (4) £8,355 £8,445
Income limit for the MCA (5) £27,700 £28,000
Minimum MCA £3,220 £3,260
Blind Persons Allowance 2016/17 2017/18
  £2,290 £2,320

(1) Personal allowance reduced by £1 for every £2 that adjusted net income exceeds the £100,000 threshold. Reduced to zero once adjusted net income reaches £122,000. (2) Available to spouses and civil partners born after 5 April 1935. The recipient must not be liable to tax above the basic rate. (3) Reduced to £500 for higher rate taxpayer and £Nil for additional rate taxpayers.

(4) Can be claimed by individuals born before 6 April 1935. Tax relief for the MCA is 10% and is given as a tax reducer. (5) MCA is reduced by £1 for each £2 of gross income above the income limit (£28,000 in 2017/18) but can’t be reduced to less than the minimum (£3,260 in 2017/18) 

 

TAXABLE INCOME

 

Thresholds 2017/18 Savings Income Dividend Income Non-Savings Income
Starting Rate(1) £0 to £5,000 0% n/a n/a
Basic Rate £0 to £33,500 20% 7.5% (2) 20%
Higher Rate £33,501 to £150,000 40% 32.5% (2) 40%
Additional Rate Over £150,000 45% 38.1% (2) 45%

 

(1) The 0% starting rate is for savings income only. If an individual’s taxable non-savings income exceeds the stating rate limit the 0% starting rate band will not be available for savings income.

(2) These tax rates only apply to the extent that dividend income exceeds the £5,000 dividend allowance.

 

  2016/17 2017/18
Trust Income Dividends Other Dividends Other
Interest in Possession 7.5% 20% 7.5% 20%
Discretionary
The first £1,000 of income 10% 20% 7.5% 20%
Income above £1,000 38.1% 45% 38.1% 45%

 

VENTURE CAPITAL SCHEMES

 

  2016/17 2017/18
Scheme Max Income Tax relief Max Income Tax relief
EIS £1,000,000 30% £1,000,000 30%
Seed EIS £100,000 50% £100,000 50%
VCT £200,000 30% £200,000 30%

 

 National Insurance

 

 

National Insurance – rates and allowances
£ per week 2016/17 2017/18
Lower earnings limit, primary Class 1 £112 £113
Upper earnings limit, primary Class 1 £827 £866
Primary threshold £155 £157
Secondary threshold £156 £157
Employees’ primary Class 1 rate between primary threshold and upper earnings limit 12% 12%
Employees’ primary Class 1 rate above upper earnings limit 2% 2%
Class 1A rate on employer provided benefits 13.8% 13.8%
Married women’s reduced rate between primary threshold and upper earnings limit 5.85% 5.85%
Married women’s rate above upper earnings limit 2% 2%
Employers’ secondary Class 1 rate above secondary threshold 13.8% 13.8%
Class 2 rate £2.80 £2.85
Class 2 small earnings exception  £5,965

per year

£6,025 per year
Special Class 2 rate for share fishermen £3.45 £3.50
Special Class 2 rate for volunteer development workers £5.60 £5.65
Class 3 rate £14.10 £14.25
Class 4 lower profits limit £8,060 per year £8,164

per year

Class 4 upper profits limit £43,000 per year £45,000

Per year

Class 4 rate between lower profits limit and upper profits limit 9% 9%
Class 4 rate above upper profits limit 2% 2%

 

Capital Gains Tax 

ANNUAL EXEMPTION & RATES

 

Annual Exemption 2016/17 2017/18
Individuals £11,100 £11,300
Trustees £5,500 £5,650

 

Main rates for individuals 2016/17 2017/18
Basic Rate 10% 10%
Higher Rate 20% 20%
Rates on gains subject to entrepreneur’s relief 10% (1) 10% (1)
Rates for individuals (gains on residential property) 2016/17 2017/18
Basic rate 18% 18%
Higher Rate 28% 28%

 (1) Entrepreneur’s relief is available on qualifying disposals up to a maximum lifetime limit of £10,000,000.  Gains in excess of this limit are taxed at 20%.

 

Corporation Tax 

Main Rate 2016/17 2017/18
20% 19%

 

*Since 2015/16, there has been a single unified rate for all companies irrespective of the amount of profit they make.

 

*Since 2015/16, there has been a single unified rate for all companies irrespective of the amount of profit they make.

 

Inheritance Tax 

TAX RATES

 

Tax Year Nil Rate Band (1) (2) IHT due on a chargeable lifetime transfers in excess of the NRB IHT due on Death on chargeable transfers in excess of the NRB
2016/17 £325,000 20% 40%
2017/18 £325,000 20% 40%

 

(1)The NRB will remain frozen at £325,000 until 2020/21

(2) When the deceased has been predeceased by a spouse who had not used all of their own NRB on their earlier death, the unused percentage on first death can be transferred to enhance the NRB of the surviving spouse on second death. The maximum percentage that can be transferred is 100% which would double the NRB available.

 

Tax Year Residence Nil Rate Band (1) (2) IHT due on a chargeable lifetime transfers in excess of the RNRB (3) IHT due on Death on chargeable transfers in excess of the RNRB plus any available normal (‘any assets’) NRB (4)
2016/17 n/a n/a 40%
2017/18 £100,000 n/a 40%
2018/19 £125,000 n/a 40%
2019/20 £150,000 n/a 40%
2020/21 £175,000 n/a 40%

 

(1)The RNRB is only available to offset against the value of a residential property that is (or has been previously) used by the deceased as their main residence and which is transferred on death to a lineal descendant, or the spouse or civil partner of a lineal descendant.   (2) When the deceased has been predeceased by a spouse who had not used all of their own RNRB on their earlier death, the unused percentage on first death can be transferred to enhance the RNRB of the surviving spouse on second death. The maximum percentage that can be transferred is 100% which would double the RNRB available.

(3) The RNRB is only available on death – it cannot be offset against lifetime transfers of a main residence. (4)The RNRB, which is in addition to the normal (‘any assets’) NRB, is set off against any chargeable transfers of a main residence before any of the normal NRB is used up.

 

MAIN EXEMPT TRANSFERS

 

Maximum £
Gifts to a UK domiciled spouse No limit
Gifts to a Non UK domiciled spouse £325,000(1)
Gifts to charities No limit
Gifts to political parties No limit
Annual exemption £3,000
Small gifts £250 (2)
Normal expenditure out of income No limit
Gifts in consideration of marriage (see below)
Parents £5,000 each
Grandparents and bride/groom to each other £2,500 each
Any other person £1,000

(1) This £325,000 exemption applies to cumulative transfers. It is therefore necessary to consider previous gifts and transfers to a non UK domiciled spouse in order to determine whether any of this exemption remains.  It is also possible for a non-domiciled spouse to instead make an irrevocable election to be treated as UK domiciled for IHT purposes.

(2) The gift has to be outright; not a gift into trust.

 

IHT RELIEFS

Business or farming assets may attract relief at either 50% or 100%, depending on the circumstances and type of the assets concerned. The relief can apply during lifetime and on death but if the relief is 100%, the practical effect is to make the transaction exempt.

  

Pensions 

ANNUAL ALLOWANCE AND LIFETIME ALLOWANCE

 

Tax Year Annual Allowance Lifetime Allowance
2013/14 £50,000 £1.5million
2014/15 £40,000 £1.25million
2015/16 £40,000 (1) £1.25million
2016/17 £40,000 (2) £1.00 million (3)
2017/18 £40,000 £1.00 million

1) From 6 April 2015, a Money Purchase Annual Allowance (MPAA) was introduced which applies to anyone who accesses their pension ‘flexibly’ on or after this date. The MPAA was £10K in 2015/16 and 2016/17 but reduced to £4K from the start of the 2017/18 tax year.

2) From 6 April 2016, the normal annual allowance is reduced by £1 for each £2 that an individual’s ‘adjusted income’ exceeds £150K. This is subject to a minimum annual allowance of £10K for individuals with ‘adjusted income’ of £210K or more.

3) The lifetime allowance was reduced to £1m from 6 April 2016. To counteract this reduction though, individuals can apply for ‘fixed protection 2016’ to preserve an entitlement to the higher £1.25m lifetime allowance provided (broadly) they do not accrue further pension benefits after this date. Individuals with total pension rights valued at greater than £1m as at 5 April 2016 can also apply for ‘Individual protection 2016.’

 

TAX CHARGES ON PAYMENTS   FROM REGISTERED PENSION SCHEMES

 

Charges Rates 2017/18
Lifetime allowance charge 55% – if the amount over the lifetime allowance is paid as a lump sum

25% – if the amount over the lifetime allowance is taken as income

Annual allowance charge Up to 45%
Unauthorised payments charge 40%
Unauthorised payments surcharge 15%
Short service refund lump sum charge 20% on first £20,000, 50% on any amount over £20,000
Special lump sum death benefits charge No tax charge where member dies prior to age 75

Beneficiary’s marginal rate where death occurs after age 75

Scheme sanction charge 15% – 40%
PENSION CREDIT

 

Guarantee Credit 2016/17 2017/18
Single Person £155.60 £159.35
Married couple £237.55 £243.25

 

BASIC STATE PENSION

 

SPA pre 6 April 2016 2016/17 2017/18
Category A £119.30 £122.30
Category B Supplement £71.50 £73.30
SPA post 6 April 2016 2016/17 2017/18
New single tier pension if got full qualifying years £155.65 £159.55

 

Stamp Duty Land Tax 

RESIDENTIAL

 

Band 2017/18 (existing rates) 2017/18 (Additional property rates)
Up to £125,000 Zero 3%
£125,001 to £250,000 2% 5%
£250,001 to £925,000 5% 8%
£925,001 to £1,500,000 10% 13%
Over £1,500,000 12% 15%

 

COMMERCIAL

 

Band 2017/18
Up to £150,000 Zero*
£150,001 to £250,000 2%
Over £250,000 5%

* Where annual rent is £1,000 or more SDLT will be charged at 1% for commercial land and buildings on values between £0 and £150,000.

 

Individual Savings Account (ISAs) 

ISA   CONTRIBUTION LIMITS

 

Limits 2016/17 2017/18
Overall Limit £15,240 £20,000
Lifetime ISA      n/a £4,000
Help to Buy ISA £2,400 (£3,400 in year 1) £2,400 (£3,400 in year 1)

 

JUNIOR ISA CONTRIBUTION LIMITS

 

Limits 2016/17 2017/18
£4,080 £4,128